Buldhana District has an area of 9,680 km² and is located in Amravati Division of Maharashtra, located in central India. It is around 500 km from the state capital, Mumbai.The world largest hypervelocity meteorite impact crater in basaltic rock, the Lonar crater, is located in Buldhana district. The district is bounded on the north by Madhya Pradesh state, to the east by Akola and Washim districts, to the south by Parbhani and Jalna districts, and to the west by Jalna and Jalgaon districts. The district is the western most district of Vidarbha. Origin of name
It is also spelled as Buldana earlier. History
It is believed that Buldhana, along with the rest of the erstwhile Berar province, was part of the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata. Berar also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Asoka (272 to 231 BCE). Berar later came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE-2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries. A period of Muslim rule began when Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad siezed the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state. Mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji, Veer Mata Jijabai was born at Sindkhedraja, at the Palace of Lakhuji Jadhav. In 1853, the district together with the rest of Berar came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Buldhana district being included in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India. Buldhana district forms the west part of Amravati division now. Top Geography * Lonar craterThe world heritage site of Lonar crater is located in Buldhana district.
* The d boundary latitude are: 19.51° to 21.17° N and longitude are: 75.57° to 76.59° E
* The climate is tropical and people mostly use cotton clothes.
* The district lies in the Tapti River and Godavari River basins. Purna River is tributary of Tapti River while Penganga River and Kadakpurna River are tributaries of Godavari River. Here are some of the rivers in Buldhana, with their tributaries * Purna River
* Vaan River
* Mann River
* Utawali River
* Nipani River
* Mas River
* Bordi River
* Dynanganga River
* Vishwaganga River
* Nalganga River
* Penganga River
* Kadakpurna River The district of Buldhana comprise of thirteen talukas namely Malkapur, Motala, Buldhana, Chikhali, Mehkar, Sindkhedraja, Lonar, Deoulgaonraja, Khamgaon, Nandura, Shegaon, Sangrampur, and Jalgaon-Jamod. Buldhana district is located in the central portion of the state of Maharashtra. Akola, Jalgaon, Jalna, Parbhani are the adjoining districts to the east, west & south respectively. Nemad district of the M.P. is to the north & lies between 19°51′ to 21°17′ North latitude and 75°57′ to 76°49′ East Longitude. Buldhana (Buldana) is a city in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is the headquarters of Buldhana District. It is located on the top of a mountain in Ajanta ranges, in central India and is about 900 m above sea level. Buldana (Buldhana) is located in the state of Maharashtra in India.
STD Code: 07262 (India country code: 91)
Nearest Railway Station: Malkapur (45 Km.)
Languages: Marathi, Hindi
Major Crop: Cotton Top Lonar SanctuaryPlaces of interest * Lonar, place of Lonar Crater, Lonar Lake and Lonar Sanctuary; around 90 km to the south.
* Ajanta caves, 50 km away from the city.
* Sindkhedraja, birth place of Veer Mata Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji and Palace of Lakhuji Jadhav, around 100 km
* Shegaon, also known as Pandharpur of Vidarbha, home to the Sant Gajanan Maharaj, around 90 km
* Mehkar, the famous Balaji Temple.
* Deoulgaonraja, the famous Balaji Temple.
* Chikali, the Durgah of Sailani Baba
* Dnyanganga Sanctuary
* Ambabarva Sanctuary
* Nandura, for the world’s biggest Hanuman idol. Transport And Travel The various railway stations with their codes are Malkapur (MKU), Vadoda, Chandur, Nandura (NN), Jalamb Junction (JM), Khamgaon (KMN), Shegaon (SEG), and Nagzari and are under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway. National Highway 6 NH6 passes through Khamgaon, Nandura, and Malkapur towns in the district. The other major road is State Highway passing through Shegaon, Khamgaon, Chikhali, and Deulgaonraja. Vehicles from Nagpur, Amravati and Akola pass through Khamgaon-Chikhali-Deulgaonraja while going towards Jalna-Aurangabad and Pune. There are many Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation’s bus stands at all towns of the districts. The major one is Buldhana, Malkapur, Chikhali, Khamgaon, Shegaon and Nandura. There are State Transport bus depots at Buldhana, Malkapur, Chikhali, Mehkar, Khamgaon, Shegaon and Jalgaon-Jamod. The important roads in the district are · * National Highway 6 – Balapur Akola – Kolori – Khamgaon – Aamsari – Nandura – Wadner – Malkapur – Dharangaon – Muktainagar (earlier Edalabad) Jalgaon
* State Highway 176 Chikhali – Mehkar – Malegaon ( Washim )
* State Highway 183 Buldhana – Chikhali – Sindhkedraja
* State Highway 000 Deoulgaonraja – Chikhali -Amdapur – Khamgaon – Shegaon – Akot ( Akola )
* Sindkhedraja – Bibi – Lonar
* Shegaon – Manasgaon – Warwat – Bawanbir – Wasali – Ambabarva
* Buldhana – Rohana – Khamgaon
* Buldhana – Motala – Malkapur – Darangaon -Edalabad Jalgaon
* Motala – Nandura – Jalgaon-Jamod- Sangrampur – Warwat – Telhara ( Akola )
* Bawanbir – Sonala – Hiwarkhed ( Akola )
* Bibi – Mehkar – Janephal – Amdapur Motor buses, jeeps are the popular mode of transport.
The nearest airport for the district is Aurangabad, which is around 150 km. Lonar crater
Lonar CraterLonar is situated around 550 km from Mumbai, around 160 km from Aurangabad and around 140 km via Buldhana with about 4 1/2 hours drive southeast of the famous Ajanta Caves. The nearest railway station is Malkapur, on the Mumbai – Bhusawal -Nagpur route of Central Railways of Indian Rail around 100 km from Lonar. Lonar crater in the Buldhana district of Maharashtra state, India is the largest crater in basaltic rock. It is partially filled by a salt-water lake. It is 6,000 ft (1.83 km) in diameter and 170 metres in depth, and its age is estimated to be 52,000 ± 6,000 years. (Pleistocene) Lonar crater is situated around 550 km from Mumbai, 160 km from Aurangabad and 140 km from Buldhana at 19.975° N 76.51° E. It is about 4 1/2 hours drive southeast of the famous Ajanta Caves. The nearest railway station is Jalna on Manmad-Nanded Section of SC Railway. Although once thought to be of volcanic origin, Lonar Crater is now recognized as an impact crater created by the hypervelocity impact of either a comet or meteorite. The impact origin of this crater is clearly demonstrated by the presence of plagioclase that has been either converted into maskelynite or contains planar deformation features (PDFs). Only shock metamo
rphism caused by a hypervelocity impact could either have transformed plagioclase into maskelynite or created PDFs in it. The impact origin of Lonar Crater is further substantiated by the presence of shatter cones; impact deformation of basalt layers comprising its rim; shocked breccia inside the crater; and a nonvolcanic ejecta blanket surrounding the crater.It has history that dates back more than 50000 years, carved out when a meteor struck it. Lonar Lake, near Lonar village in the Buldhana District, is not just he source of Excitement for the visitors but also for the scientist community. Lonar is the third natural salt-water lake in the world, with a diameter of 1800 meter. It comes after Bosmatvi Lake in Ghana, which has a diameter of 10000 meter and New Cubec in Canada with a Dai of 3500 meter. According to scientists, about 50000 year back a massive meteor entered into the Earth’s gravitational forces range. 60 meter long and weighing 20 lac ton it was racing at a speed of 25 kms per second towards the planet.
The temple is open all day and there is no fuss about taking photographs. It is also mostly deserted all day, which makes it an unlikely area of silence in India. There is a well adjacent to the temple, but the cool water is of dicey quality, so do not let thirst overcome discretion. Where to Stay: MTDC Holiday Resort comprises self-contained rooms and dormitory with a restaurant. Getting there: * Nearest airport is Aurangabad, 122 kms.
* Nearest railhead is Malkapur on the Mumbai-Bhusawal line.
* Mumbai-Aurangabad-Jalan-Lonar, 600 kms. Lonar-Buldhana, 95 kms. Lonar-Mehakar Taluka, 23kms. Lonar-Aurangabad, 145 kms.
* From Nagpur, it is 388 kms by Nagpur – Washim – Lonar route. From Aurangabad, it is 170 kms by Aurangabad – Jalna – Sindkhed Raja – Sultanpur – Lonar Crater. Accommodation:
Govt. Rest House (2 suites). Reservation:
Aurangabad, Pune, Amravati and MTDC Mumbai.