AMBOLGAD FORTAmbolgad Fort (Rajapur T.); on the bay at the north entrance of the Rajapur river, raised very little above sea level and with a ditch on the north and west sides, covers an area of a quarter of an acre. In 1818 the fort surrendered to the British forces. There is no water. The walls and bastions of the fort are now ruined.
AVRA FORT Avra Fort (Savantvadi T.), Avade Kot about 25 miles south-east of Savantvadi and about 42 miles north of the Vengurle road, is built of stones and mud. It is surrounded by a dry ditch overgrown with brushwood and bamboo. On the north is an outwork connected with the fort by a very thick bamboo hedge on the east and a wall on the west. There is a strong but poorly sheltered gateway. The fort was dismantled in 1845. The fort is in a dilapidated condition at present. BAHIRAVGAD FORT
Bahiravgad Fort (Chiplun T.), high and hard to reach, on a spur Of the Sahyadris, covers an area of about eight acres of very broken, rocky brushwood-covered ground. The walls are in ruins; but water is abundant, BAHIRAVGAD FORT. Bahiravgad Fort (Kankavli Peta), on the top of the Sahyadris in the village of Digavle (p. 2,152) is between three and four acres in area. There are no walls or bastions and there is no provision for water. BHAGVANTGAD FORT
Bhagvantgad Fort (Malvan T.), in Masure village and across, the creek from Bharatgad, has an area of about one and a half acres. There are no wells in the fort nor is it inhabited bv the people. It is in a dilapidated condition. In a temple is a sacred stone, a pointed rock jutting through the floor, and apparently the peak of the hill. The fort was built about the same time as Bharatgad Fort (1701), by Bavdekar, the rival of Phond Savant. After some resistance, it was taken by the British in 1818 (April-May). [AS. Jour VI. 320. The particulars of the capture are thus detailed: A detachment of the IVth Rifles, arriving on the 29th of March, was during the night employed in raising batteries, which were opened the next morning at daybreak. As it was found impossible to effect a breach across the river, two columns of the detachment under the command of Captains Gray and Pearson were ordered to cross at different passes to take the place by escalade. The garrison, on seeing that the troops had crossed, abandoned the fort. It was taken about ten o’clock on that day. Service Record of H. M’s IVth Rifles, 22.] Bhavangad Fort (Sangameshvar T.;), on rising ground close to the village of Chikhali (p. 1,202), in Sangameshvar taluka, is a small fort not more than half an acre in area. The walls of the fort and its compound are in a dilapidated condition. There is one gun in the fort. GOVALKOT FORT Govalkot Fort [Tulajl Angre called this fort Govifidgad and the Anjanvel fort, Gopalgad, Gopal and Govind being generally used for any couple of things very elosely alike.’ Mr. A. T. Crawford’s MS.] (in Chiplun municipal area), on a small hill rising from rich fields, surrounded on three sides by the Chiplun creek and with a filled up ditch on the fourth, covers an area of about two acres. Water lasts till April and provisions can be had in a village, two miles off. The walls and bastions are in ruins. The place has little natural or artificial strength. There are two doorways, one to the north, the other to the east, and eight battlements. On the south wall, is an image of Redjaiji. According to local report, the fort was built about 1690, by the Habshi of Janjira. The Habshi may have repaired the fort. But the position of the Redjaiji image seems to show that it was part of the original fort and that the builder or renewer was a Hindu king, probably Shivaji (1670). From the Habshi, it was taken by Angre (about 1744), from him by the Peshva (1755), and from the Peshva by the English (1818). KAMTEKOT FORT Kamtekot Fort (Devgad T.; R. S. Kolhapur 85 m.). The fort is situated in the area Sherei-Ghera Kamte of the main village Kotkamte. The bastions on all sides have fallen down and only the plinth of the fort is in existence. The existing walls are about 10′ in height. The land inside the fort measuring about 30 gunthas is used as paddy growing land. The ditch covering an area of about eight gunthas is also used for paddy cultivation at present. According to the Record of Rights of the village the whole area under fort is a private land. The temple of Shri Devi Bhagavati lying about two furlongs from the fort is in good condition. There are four old guns near the temple. The management of the temple is done by a manager appointed by the Civil Court. About 2,000 to 3,000 people from neighbouring village attended the Navaratra Utsav held in the month of Ashwin, every year. MAHIPATGAD FORT Mahipatgad Fort (Khed T.; 15° 50′ N, 74° 20′ E; p. 6477), about 19 miles from Khed, facing the Harlot pass and Makrandgad, the Mahabaleshvar ‘ Saddle back’ stands at the head of a high spur, and running parallel to the Sahyadris is crowned by the three forts of Mahipatgad, Sumargad, and Rasalgad. Reached by a very narrow difficult pass six miles long, [The most direct practicable route from the northward is by the main road as far as the Government bungalow at Poladpur, whence to the left a path leads over broken ground, and after sighting the fort, winds among and over steep hills. Pursuing this pathway southwards, it is necessary to pass, at a distance of one and a half miles, along the whole west side of the fort. Reaching the valley, the ascent is gained over projecting spurs on the west and leading over the south continuation of the range the path winds over spurs on the eastern side of it, and reaches two hamlets, whence a steep pathway leads to the top. It is about four miles from the beginning of the ascent on the west to the interior of the fort. Report on Mahipatgad, 1854.] in 1880, Mahipatgad was a table-land 120 acres in area, with no surrounding wall, but with well-built battlements and gateways in six places where the approach was easy. The defences were in bad repair, the wood work had gone, and in many places the stone work was in ruins. On all sides the table-land was surrounded by the village of Beldarvadi [Beldarvadi, bricklayers’ suburb, is a strip of rugged land said to have been assigned to certain bricklayers brought by Shivaji to build the fort.]. There were six gates, to the north, the Kotval gate formed by two battlements one on each side and joined with parts of the ramparts; to the north-east the Red gate, Lal Devdi; to the east the Pusati gate formerly entered by a ladder; to the south-east the Yeshvant gate and a thirty feet high battlement; to the south the Khed gate with traces of the path by which the garrison used to receive its supplies; and to the west the Shivganga gate called after a ling at the source of a rivulet. At the entrance of the south or Khed gate, was the foundation of a temple of Maruti and Ganapati, its walls half standing, half fallen. Here according to one account, there were 360, and according to another 700 stables [Foundations of this sort are found all over the fort.]. Further on was a stone house forty-five feet long by fifty-four broad, and a temple of Pareshvar, a very strong building about twenty feet long by thirty-eight broad. The six gates and the battlements have come down. There are cracks on the walls, due to heavy rainfall. It enjoys a yearly grant of Rs. 15. In the temple enclosure, are two ponds, with, on their banks, some engraved stones. The local story that the fort was begun and left half finished by Shivaji is supported by the heaps of mortar piled in several parts of the enclosure. The rough and une
ven ground within the fort is over-grown with thorn bushes and other brushwood. At present (1960), some Christians inhabit the fort area and there are to be seen a number of Christian tombs. From the fort one gets a good view of the red tiled steep roofed bungalows of Mahabaleshvar in the day time and twinkling lights on the slopes of Mahabaleshvar hills in the night. The village of Beldarvadi surrounding, the table-land is also clearly visible. Some of the villages on the border of Satara and Kolaba districts are easy to locate. MAIMATGAD FORT Maimatgad (Sangameshwar T.), perched on the top of a very high and steep spur of the Sahyadri range, in the village of Nigudvadi (p. 418), about six miles east of the village of Devrukh and 2½ miles south of the Kundi pass, covers an area of about sixty acres. Provisions can be got from a village close by. In 1862, it was in a very ruinous state. At present (1960), the fort walls and the outer wall are in good condition. Water is available in sufficient quantities in five small ponds. There are four small sized guns on the fort. The old temple of Bhagavati, was renovated recently.
YESHVANTGAD FORT Yeshvantgad Fort (Rajapur T.), on the north entrance of the Rajapur creek, with the sea on
the south and a ditch to the north and west, has an area of about seven acres. Some parts of its outer walls and bastions are ruined. The supply of water is abundant. Redi [Closed for shipping.] is a minor port at the foot of Yeshvantgad, which was formerly a separate village and is now amalgamated in the town Nate.