Yatrisahyadri trek to Karnala Fort December 5th 2010

Yatrisahyadri has organized A trek to Karnala Fort / Bird Watching (Karnala Bird Sanctuary) on
05th December, 2010.

Some basic information about the trek is as follows:

Fort: Karnala
Height: 1440 feet
Range: Sahyadri
District: Raigad
Level: Easy.

About the place:

Karnala fort (also called Funnel Hill) is a hill fort in Raigad district about 12 km from Panvel city. Currently it is a protected place lying within the Karnala Bird Sanctuary. It was a fort of strategic importance as it overlooked the Bor pass which connected the Konkan coast to the interior of Maharashtra (Vidharba) and was the main trade route between these areas.

History:

It’s exact date of formation is not known but likely it predates 1400 CE as under the Devagiri Yadavs (1248–1318) and under the Tughlaq rulers (1318–1347), Karnala was the capital of the north Konkan districts of their respective empires. It later fell under the command of the Gujarat Sultanate but in 1540 was taken over by Nizam Shah of Ahmednagar. The Gujarat sultans then requested the help of the Dom Francisco de Menenzes the commanding officer of the Portuguese at Bassien(modern day Vasai) to win it back. He ordered 500 of his soldiers to Karnala fort and they were able to capture it. The fort was left in charge of the Gujarat Sultanate but with Portuguese garrisons.
The loss of Karnala enraged the Nizam Shah and he took back the fort and the surrounding countryside by sending 5,000 of his men. The Gujarat sultans fled to Vasai in panic and gave up any claims of the fort to the Portuguese. In the subsequent battle between the Nizam Shah and the Portuguese, the latter were victorious in repulsing further attacks of the Nizam Shahi army and the fort remained with the Portuguese. However the Portuguese viceroy determined that the forts of Sangli and Karnala were of little value to them and decided to give them to the Nizam Shah for an annual payment of Rs. 17,500 (or 5,000 gold pardoas) to further their friendship.
Shivaji conquered it from the Portuguese in 1670 by building breastworks as he advanced. After his death in 1680 it was taken over by Aurangzeb. After this the Mughals occupied it for some time after which it in 1740 with the rise of the Peshwas of Pune it went to them. It remained under the command of killedar (garrison commander) Anantrao until a colonel Prother won the fort and established the rule of the British East India Company there in 1818.

Karnala is home to over 150 resident bird species and about 37 types of avian migrants.It is located in the mountain range of the Western Ghats. It is surrounded by many hills and is a trekkers paradise. Climbing Karnala can be a great experience for trekkers.While climbing the fort you come across many species of birds. River Patalganga is towards the east of the fort. Greenery covers and surrounds the fort of Karnala.

Vegetation typifies moist deciduous forest and is characterised by species such as Koshimb, mango, nana, kulu, kalam, asana, umbar and teak in the top canopy. The ecological conditions of the tract favour a large variety of bird population. A casual walk through the forests is an unfailing source of joy, with the list of bird-song ringing in the air.The sanctuary abounds in bird life and during the migrating season from October to April as many as 140 species of birds have been recorded.In winter, the migrants take over and the pattern of bird life changes. The migrants include a variety of birds such as the blackbird, the blue-headed rock-thrush, the bluethroat, the red breasted flycatcher,
the ashy minivet, the black headed cuckoo-shrike and a host of others.Though Karnala is principally a bird sanctuary, many other interesting forms of wildlife like wild boar, the four-horned antelope, the muntjak and the common langur can be seen here.

Karnala is a refreshing break from the big city – come here to watch the birds and wildlife and while you are enjoying all this, do spare a thought for preserving the ecology and tranquillity of the sanctuary.Just a short drive outside Mumbai on the Mumbai-Pune Highway to Goa, is the densely forested Karnala Bird Sanctuary, a pleasant surprise away from Mumbai’s concrete jungle. Karnala is a tiny sanctuary, barely 4.8 sq km, home to over 150 resident bird species and about 37 types of avian migrants.

Program:

05:30am (Sunday Morning) : Reporting at Kurla Station. (Please carry your own return ticket to Panvel Station)
05:58 am: Proceed to Panvel by 5.58am Panvel local. Travel time approx 1 hour,
06.58 am: We will reach at Panvel station,
7.00 am to 7.30 am: Break fast & tea at Panvel,
7.35 am : Proceed to Karnala by vehicle arranged by Yatrisahyadri or local transport. Travel time approx. 1/2 hour,
08:00am: Reach Karnala base,
08.00 – 08.15 am: Introduction and other formalities,
8.30 am: Start trek From base towards Karnala fort,
10.30am: Reach at Karnala fort,
10.30am to 12.00pm: Explore the fort,
12.00 pm: Start descending the fort,
01.15 pm: Reach at Karnala base,
01.30 pm: proceed to Panvel by transport arranged by Yatrisahyadri or local transport,
02.00 pm: Reach Panvel,
2.00 pm to 3.00 pm : Lunch
3.30pm: Catch return local to Mumbai.

Charges: Rs. 250/- per person

Includes :
Morning breakfast/tea,
Lunch.
Traveling expenses from Panvel to Karnala and back.
Entry charges to Karnala Bird Sanctuary
Guidance for the trek.

Here is a list of all the things that we need to carry for the trek:

1. Your own return ticket to Panvel station.
2. Waterproof/Water resistant haversack to put in all the things to be carried. So that one
has hands free while trekking,
3. A bottle of water (minimum 2Ltrs),
4. Camera with good zoom lens a good pair of binoculars would be an added advantage,
5. Electral / Enerzyl powder, 2 Lemon, some snacks & biscuits, plate,spoon, glass (all
reusable, compulsory),
6. Personal medicines if any,
7. Insect repellant cream (Odomos or similar brand),
7. Good trekking/sports shoes, towel/napkin and spare clothes (may be required),
8. Avoid wearing Gold and other jewelry (at own risk).

REGISTRATION PROCESS:
Please note that selecting “RSVP attending” on Facebook will not be considered as a valid registration. Optionally you may leave your email ID and phone numbers so that we can contact you. Please complete the payment & registration procedure and call us on following numbers.
Please confirm your seat before 04/12/2010.

Do feel free to contact us for any queries / clarifications.

For Registration & more details, contact Our “Yatri’s”.
Gavin D’silva : 9819661460
Srikant Pillai: 7666905040/9920305779
Tanvi Walawalkar:9076712137
Nityanand Naik: 9819818132
Rahul Dighe: 9819166194

Mail us on: yatrisahyadri@gmail.com

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