The best place for birding..Keoladeo National Park – Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Rajasthan

We saw following birds:

1. Purple sunbird
2. Long-tailed shrike
3. White breasted kingfisher
4. Moorhen
5. Flamingos
6. Greater Coucal
7. Rufous treepie
8. Yellow-footed green pigeons
9. Common teal – European migratory birds
10. White breasted water hen
11. Spot-billed duck
12.painted stork
13. Grey hornbill
13. Spoonbill stork
14. Glossy ibis
15. Purple heron
16. Grey herons
17. Cormorant
18. Pintail
19. Common coot
20. Indian spotted eagle
21. Darter or snake bird
22. Egret
23. Maratha woodpecker or yellow crowned pigmy
24. Bayback shrike
25. Imperial eagle
26. Open-billed stork
27. Whistling ducks brown
28. Bronze-winged jakana
30. Bar-headed goose
31. Indian pond heron
32. Little Grebe
33. Mallard duck
34. White-eyed pochard
35. White-cheeked bulbul
36. Spotted dove
37. White-beaked munia
38. Jungle wabbler
39. Peacock
40. Lapwing
41. Black-headed brahmini maina
42. Black-rumped flameback woodpecker
43. Rose-ringed parakeet
44. Jungle owlet

Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park is formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India is a famous avifauna sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season. Over 230 species of birds are known to be resident. It is also a major tourist center with scores of ornithologists arriving here in the hibernal season. It was declared a protected sanctuary in 1971. It is also a World Heritage Site.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a man-made and man-managed wetland and one of the national parks of India. The reserve protects Bharatpur from frequent floods, provides grazing grounds for village cattle, and earlier was primarily used as a waterfowl hunting ground. The 29 km2 (11 sq mi) reserve is locally known as Ghana, and is a mosaic of dry grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps and wetlands. These diverse habitats are home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species, 7 turtle species, and a variety of other invertebrates.
Every year thousands of migratory waterfowl visit the park for wintering and breeding. The sanctuary is one of the richest bird areas in the world and is known for nesting of resident birds and visiting migratory birds including water birds. The rare Siberian cranes used to winter in this park but this central population is now extinct. According to founder of the World Wildlife Fund Peter Scott, Keoladeo National Park is one of the world’s best bird areas. Along with the Loktak Lake of Manipur, Keoladeo National Park is placed on the Montreux Record under the Ramsar Convention.

Getting there
The nearest airports are in Delhi, and Jaipur. Daily flights are available from Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, Varanasi, and Lucknow. The nearest railway station is Bharatpur Junction (5 km). Bharatpur is connected with other parts of the nation by very good roads. One can travel through own vehicle too. There are regular bus services from Delhi (180 km), Agra (55 km), Mathura (35 km), Jaipur (178 km), Alwar (117 km) and adjoining areas. Many trains from New Delhi (New Delhi – Mumbai and Agra – Jaipur route) stop at Bharatpur. Bharatpur is easily reached by train or bus, although private taxis from New Delhi or Agra can be employed. The Park gate is close to the bus stand and railway station.

World Heritage Site
The UNESCO convention for listing goes on to explain the criteria the selection of Keoladeo Ghana National Park as a World Heritage Site under the Natural Criteria iv of Operational Guidelines 2002 and the description which follows is that the park is a “Habitat of rare and endangered species. The park is a wetland of international importance for migratory waterfowl. It is the wintering ground for the rare Siberian crane and habitat for large numbers of resident nesting birds.” According to the revised Operational Guidelines of 2005, the park falls under Criteria (x) which states that to be conferred the status of World Heritage, the site should “contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-site conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.”

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